Automated Market Makers: Decoded

Automated Market Makers: Decoded

2 min read


Decentralized finance (DeFi) has been a hot topic in the crypto world for some time now, and one of the key players in this space is Automated Market Makers (AMMs). In this blog post, we will take a closer look at what AMMs are and how they work. By the end of this article, you will understand why liquidity pools exist and how they contribute to those sweet APYs.

What is an Automated Market Maker?

AMM is a decentralized exchange (DEX) protocol that relies on a mathematical formula to price assets. In contrast to traditional exchanges that use an order book to determine asset prices, AMMs utilize a specific formula that is programmed into the smart contract. This formula can vary across different protocols, but the most basic one is x * y = k, where x is the amount of one token in the liquidity pool, and y is the amount of the other. The k value represents a fixed constant, meaning that the pool's total liquidity always has to remain the same.

How do Automated Market Makers work?

AMMs allow anyone to create a market on a blockchain without requiring vast resources or complex strategies. The process of market making is decentralized, meaning that it relies on the collective contributions of liquidity providers (LPs) who deposit tokens into the smart contract. LPs earn a fee for their contributions, and this fee is determined by the protocol's formula.

When users want to trade on an AMM, they do so directly between their wallets and the smart contract, rather than between counterparties. The price for an asset is determined by the formula and not an order book, which means there are no order types. In this way, AMMs provide greater accessibility and transparency for users.

What are the benefits of Automated Market Makers?

AMMs have several benefits for users, including:

  • Lower barriers to entry: Anyone can trade on a DEX without the need for account verification, making it easier for beginners to get started in the crypto world.
  • Greater accessibility and transparency: AMMs provide more accessibility and transparency than traditional exchanges by allowing anyone to contribute to the liquidity pool and participate in trading.
  • Autonomy: AMMs decentralize the process of market making, meaning that it is not controlled by a central authority or exchange.
  • Preventing price manipulation: Since AMMs use a formula to determine asset prices, it is difficult for anyone to manipulate prices in their favor.

Overall, Automated Market Makers are an innovative solution that provides a safer and more stable way of investing in crypto on DEXs. They offer greater accessibility, transparency, and autonomy, while preventing price manipulation.


In conclusion, Automated Market Makers are a vital component of the DeFi ecosystem. They offer a decentralized solution to market making, making it easier for anyone to participate in trading and contribute to liquidity pools. By understanding how AMMs work, investors can make informed decisions about their investments and take advantage of those sweet rewards.

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