How to stake ETH?
















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How to stake ET...


How to stake ETH?

7 mins read / updated on Tue Aug 29 2023


How to stake Ethereum?

Ethereum is one of the most popular decentralized blockchain platforms that allow developers to build decentralized applications [DApps] and creates and run smart contracts. With the introduction of Ethereum 2.0, this blockchain transitioned from a Proof-of-Work to a Proof-of-Stake consensus mechanism making it more scalable, secure, sustainable & accessible to everyone. Not just this, you can also grab juicy rewards by knowing how to stake Ethereum.

Why stake Ethereum?

Staking ETH offers several benefits; one is getting rewarded for contributing to the network's security. Also, staking is comparatively more environment-friendly and sustainable than crypto mining, which consumes much computing power and energy. Ethereum staking helps you support the ecosystem against attacks, making it more robust, secure, and decentralized.

Why is Ethereum 2.0 implementing Proof-of-Stake [PoS]?

A crucial part of knowing What is Ethereum is being well aware that this blockchain is widely known for operating a proof-of-work [PoW] consensus. However, its core developers have favored a Proof-of-Stake [PoS] consensus mechanism to be more decentralized, secure, and fast.

Anyone can operate a PoS validator without advanced hardware or other equipment. Also, you must remember that PoS blockchains serve a better chance of further enhancement of decentralization by lowering the entry barrier. Once you know how to stake ETH2, you will also understand the implementation of sharding, which is a partitioning technique enabling faster throughput. That’s how ETH 2.0 staking will revolutionize the world of staking for its users.

Also, with its switch to the PoS Consensus, the network’s next hard fork was the Ethereum Shanghai Upgrade. It took place on April 12, 2023. This upgrade was part of the Ethereum Merge. It finally allows the validators to withdraw their stake Ether [ETH], making the network’s years-long efforts of transitioning into the PoS mechanism a success!

How does Ethereum staking work?

Before we dive in further to know how to stake ETH, let’s have a basic understanding of what staking ETH means. It is a process of holding/locking a certain amount of ETH in a smart contract for a stipulated time. This is done to support the network’s operations and validate transactions hence enhancing its security & efficiency.

In return, the holders are incentivized to participate in the network’s consensus mechanism. Earlier, the miners used to validate the blocks/transactions [in the proof-of-work technique], and now stakers can carry out this process [in the proof-of-stake technique]. Also, you must stake at least 32 ETH [for solo staking] to become a validator & deposit and maintain some amount of ETH as collateral to ensure the smooth functioning of your validator duties.

Different Types of Ethereum Staking

To know how to stake ETH, you must also know the different types of staking it. It all boils down to your preferences and technical expertise in choosing amongst the following:

  1. Self-staking: You must set up and run your validator node on the Ethereum network. Self-staking demands the stakers to have technical expertise & know-how of the Ethereum network.
  2. Staking pools: This involves you joining a group of validators who pool their resources together to become a validator.
    To know how to stake ETH, you must know that staking pools offer a much more accessible option for those with minimal or no technical expertise or resources to self-stake.
  3. Crypto exchanges: You must know crypto exchanges like Coinbase and Binance. They offer Ethereum staking services to their users. You can also stake ETH on these platforms and get rewarded without undergoing the process of creating & setting up your validator node.

Step-by-step process on how to stake ETH

This simple process involves a few steps to start staking your ETH!

  1. Create a wallet: Do not worry if you do not have one; create it using any platform like Coinbase, Metamask, or MyEtherWallet.
    Ensure your wallet is secure using two-factor authentication [2FA] and a strong password.

  2. Acquire ETH: Knowing how to stake ETH is the most important part. Buy some ETH through any exchange of your choice.
  3. Choose any staking service provider: Multiple service providers are available to begin your staking journey. Select the best one that meets all your requirements.
  4. Delegate your ETH: After acquiring your ETH & choosing your staking service provider, you can begin the 1st step in knowing how to stake ETH, which is delegating your ETH to the staking pool!

    The staking service provider will take care of all the technical nitty-gritty of validating the transactions and security of the Ethereum network.
  5. Get rewards: Here’s your much-awaited step out of where you’ve already staked your ETH and are waiting to grab some rewards.

    So, the Ethereum staking rewards you receive directly depend on how long you have staked your ETH.

What are the rewards of staking ETH?

By now, you know how to stake ETH. Being a staker, you are rewarded in ETH for validating transactions on the blockchain.  As an incentive to secure and safeguard the network, you would get a certain percentage of rewards. This is calculated based on how much ETH is validated and the rewards the network pays for that period.

Pros and Cons of Staking Ethereum

Knowing the benefits and risks is better when deep-diving into how to stake ETH. Here are several benefits that include:

  • Better rewards: By staking Ethereum, you can receive rewards without actively trading or mining cryptocurrency.
  • Network participation: It also supports the network's operations and helps maintain its security.
  • Lower energy consumption: Once you know how to stake ETH, you will also know that the Proof-of-stake consensus mechanism is energy-efficient compared to proof-of-work, which requires significant computational power.
  • Lower barriers to entry: It requires less expensive hardware and energy than mining. This makes it a more accessible option for those looking to participate in the Ethereum network.
  • Potential for price appreciation: You are contributing to the network's stability, which can have a positive effect on the price of Ethereum. This is possible by knowing how to stake ETH.
  • No expensive mining equipment required: Unlike mining, staking Ethereum doesn't require expensive equipment and high energy costs. All you need is a minimum amount of ETH and a compatible wallet. This is one of the most important aspects of knowing how to stake ETH.
  • Predictable returns: The reward rate for staking is fixed, so you can calculate your reward potential more accurately than with mining, where rewards can be more variable.
  • Potential for network improvements: It also helps incentivize network improvements, as validators are rewarded for contributing to the network's security and stability. This can lead to the development of new technologies and applications that could benefit the entire Ethereum ecosystem.
  • Lower fees: Lower transaction fees are possible on the Ethereum network, as validators are incentivized to process transactions quickly and efficiently. This can make it more cost-effective for users to interact with the network and reduce the overall cost of using Ethereum in how to stake ETH.

However, there are also some drawbacks to staking Ethereum, such as:

  • Lock-up period: When you stake ETH, you must commit your funds for a certain time. You won't be able to sell or trade your staked ETH during this time.
  • Volatility risk: While staking Ethereum can be a good way to grab rewards it's important to remember that the value of Ethereum can be highly volatile. This means that you could lose money if the value of ETH drops significantly. So be prepared and DYOR when knowing how to stake ETH.
  • Technical knowledge: Staking Ethereum requires some technical knowledge and experience. Learning how to stake ETH properly may take some time if you are new to cryptocurrency.
  • Risk of slashing: If you violate the staking rules, you risk having some of your staked ETH slashed. This can happen if you go offline or double-sign a block.
  • Limited liquidity: Staked ETH is less liquid than regular ETH. If you need to sell your ETH quickly, you may need to wait for the staking period to end. These pros and cons are significant for you to know how to stake ETH.

Frequently Asked Questions [FAQs]

  1. How much ETH do I need to stake?

The minimum amount of ETH required to stake varies depending on your chosen platform or service. Typically, the minimum amount required to become a validator & know how to stake ETH is 32 ETH [for solo staking].

2. How long is the staking period for ETH?

The staking period for Ethereum 2.0 is currently set at around two years. However, this may be subject to change in the future as you keep updating yourself on how to stake ETH.

3. How much can I get by staking ETH?

The amount you can get by staking ETH varies depending on several factors, including the number of validators on the network, the amount of ETH being staked, and the current market conditions.

4. How do I withdraw my staked ETH?

When you understand how to stake ETH, you must also know that you must wait until the staking period is over to withdraw your ETH. After this time, you can withdraw your rewards and your original stake.

5. What happens if I don't withdraw my staked ETH after the staking period?

If you don't withdraw your staked ETH after the staking period, it will continue to receive rewards indefinitely. However, you can withdraw your original stake once you unstake your ETH.

6. Can I unstake my ETH before the end of the staking period?

In most cases, you can unstake your ETH before the end of the staking period. However, you may be penalized for doing so. It's important to check the terms and conditions of your staking service to understand the penalties for early unstaking. This is crucial information before proceeding to know how to stake ETH.

7. What are the tax implications of staking ETH?

The tax implications of staking ETH may vary depending on your jurisdiction. It's important to consult with a tax professional to understand how staking may impact your tax liability.

8. How can I monitor my staking rewards and performance & enhance my knowledge of how to stake ETH?

You can monitor your staking rewards and performance through your staking service's dashboard or a third-party tool.

9. What is the difference between staking ETH and mining ETH?

Staking ETH involves validating transactions on the Ethereum network and receiving rewards.

10. How to stake ETH?

Know how to stake ETH by following these simple steps:

a. Create an account using your preferred staking service provider
b. Transfer ETH to your wallet
c. Select the amount of ETH you want to stake
d. Confirm the transaction and wait for it to be processed
e. Start receiving the rewards



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