What is EIP-1559?
















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What is EIP-1559?

10 mins read / updated on Fri Jan 19 2024


EIP-1559 is a major revamp of Ethereum's fee system, turning the chaotic world of gas fees into a more predictable affair. Imagine a smart traffic light managing Ethereum's busy roads – that's EIP-1559. It introduces a base fee that changes with network traffic, making costs clearer. Plus, it burns this base fee, potentially making Ether scarcer and more valuable. Users can also add tips to speed up transactions. It's a big leap towards making Ethereum smoother for everyone while adding a twist to its economy.

How does EIP-1559 work?

Let's simplify how this Ethereum upgrade works, using a traffic analogy. Imagine a bustling highway where every driver (or transaction) is eager to get ahead. Previously, it was a chaotic bidding war for space, causing massive jams and soaring fees during peak times.

Then comes this new system, like a traffic overhaul saying, "Let's streamline this road!" It sets up a 'base fee' for transactions, similar to a fluctuating toll charge based on how packed the network is. Busy network? The fee rises. Quiet times? It goes down. This shift brings predictability to your gas costs, so no more wild guesses about fees.

Here's an extra perk: if you're in a rush, you can tip to expedite your transaction. This 'priority fee' is your fast pass, letting you zip through quicker for a little extra.

And the real kicker? The base fee doesn't line anyone's pockets; it's burned, vanishing from circulation. This burn-off gradually lessens Ether's total supply, potentially hiking its value over time. Imagine a café that uses part of its earnings to plant more coffee beans, benefitting all coffee lovers eventually.

So, this upgrade is essentially a clever traffic management system for Ethereum, ironing out the flow and enhancing the whole experience. It's revolutionized the approach to handling blockchain traffic and fees.

What are the fears of the EIP-1559 upgrade?

Jumping into the concerns about the EIP-1559 upgrade is like discussing a thrilling yet slightly nerve-wracking new roller coaster. This update stirred up quite a buzz in the Ethereum community, not just with excitement but also with a fair share of worries.

For starters, miners weren't exactly cheering. The upgrade meant a cut in their earnings because the base fee gets burned instead of filling their wallets. It felt like chefs watching their best dishes being served up for free. Sure, they could still earn tips, but the main income from base fees was gone.

Security concerns were another issue. With miners earning less, some worried they might look elsewhere, potentially leaving Ethereum's security a bit short-handed. Think of it as having fewer guards at a big event – not the most reassuring scenario.

Then there's the complexity that came with the upgrade. It's like adding a sophisticated new component to a bike; better in theory but potentially tricky in practice. Would this transition be smooth sailing, or were there some bumps in the road ahead?

And of course, there was speculation about Ether's price. The burning mechanism of EIP-1559 had traders on the edge of their seats, wondering if it would send Ether's value soaring or tumbling down. It was as uncertain as trying to forecast the weather.

So, while EIP-1559 introduced some innovative changes, it also left many in the Ethereum world anxiously waiting to see how everything would unfold in this dynamic and constantly changing landscape.

Will EIP-1559 make gas cheaper?

So, the big question on everyone's mind: Does EIP-1559 make gas fees cheaper? Well, it's not a straightforward yes or no, kind of like wondering if carpooling will always cut down your travel costs.

The main aim here wasn't to slash gas prices but to bring some predictability to them, improving the overall vibe for users. It's like having a bus schedule so you know when to head to the stop. This update gives Ethereum that kind of 'schedule' for fees.

Here's the deal: the update brings in a base fee that shifts automatically depending on network traffic. Picture surge pricing in ride-sharing apps. Busy times mean higher fees, and vice versa. This tweak makes estimating your transaction costs a whole lot easier.

Now, as for making fees cheaper: the update steadies them, but they won't always be lower. Picture a big event in town – even the best traffic plan can't prevent the occasional jam. So, during super busy periods, like trendy token sales or NFT drops, gas fees might still climb.

In essence, this Ethereum update brings some much-needed stability and fairness to the fee market. It's not a fix-all solution for high gas costs, but it's great for smoothing out those extreme fluctuations, offering a more consistent and fair experience for everyone.

How will EIP-1559 impact user experience?

The update on Ethereum's user experience is like swapping an old, shaky roller coaster for a sleek, state-of-the-art ride. It's geared towards making your Ethereum journey smoother and a lot less nerve-wracking.

Before this change, figuring out gas fees was pretty much a guessing game. You'd be left wondering how much to spend to push your transaction through, especially during peak times when the network was overflowing with activity. Talk about frustrating!

But now, there's a whole new vibe to the process. The biggest shift? A revamped system for transaction fees. Now there's a base fee that self-adjusts depending on network traffic, kind of like a smart thermostat that's always finding the perfect temperature. This shift means you can predict transaction costs way more easily, saving you from the headache of wild guesses.

In a rush? No problem. There's an option to add a little extra as a 'priority fee' to get things moving faster, sort of like grabbing an express pass at an amusement park.

And here's a nifty twist: the base fee doesn't stick around; it gets burned, potentially making Ether rarer as time goes by. This adds an exciting layer to Ethereum's economic landscape.

In summary, this update is a game-changer, bringing a fresher, more user-focused, and efficient edge to Ethereum. It's a big leap forward in making Ethereum not just a tech powerhouse but also super enjoyable to use.

Advantage of EIP-1559?

This upgrade is like stumbling upon a gadget that you never knew was essential, but now you can't live without it. It’s brought a bunch of cool perks to Ethereum, smoothing out the whole vibe of using it.

Let's talk transaction fees. Before, figuring out gas fees was like playing a blindfolded game of darts – unpredictable and a bit wild. Now, it's like having a transaction cost GPS thanks to the adjustable base fee. You get a clearer picture of what each transaction will cost you, making it way easier to plan your crypto moves.

The user experience got a major boost too. Now, there's this handy option to tip for faster transaction processing, kind of like giving your barista an extra buck for a speedier coffee. Even when the network's buzzing, you've got a fast lane.

The coolest part? The burning of the base fee. Imagine a cosmic black hole gobbling up a slice of Ether with each transaction, possibly making it rarer and more valuable over time, like those limited-edition kicks that everyone's after.

In a nutshell, it's like a slick update to your favorite app. It's turned Ethereum's fee market into something more user-friendly and possibly more rewarding for Ether's value. A definite thumbs-up for everyday users and the wider Ethereum economy!

Disadvantages of EIP-1559?

EIP-1559 is like Ethereum's shiny new feature, cool and useful but with a few hitches. It's kind of like getting the latest update on your phone and finding a few unexpected quirks.

Take the miners, for instance. The update was like walking into their favorite all-you-can-eat buffet and finding half the menu gone. The whole burning-the-base-fee thing meant their earnings took a dive. And let's face it, who's happy about earning less? This change got a few eyebrows raised, stirring up worries about whether it might make some miners look for greener pastures, which could, in turn, affect the network's security.

Then there's the technical side of things. Getting a grip on the new fee structure, with its base fees and tips, can feel a bit overwhelming for the everyday user. It's almost like trying to crack a complex puzzle.

And about those gas fees – while the update makes them more stable, it doesn't always mean they'll be lower. In times of high demand, they can still skyrocket.

So, while this update adds some great features to Ethereum's toolbox, it's not without its challenges. It's like popping a turbocharger in your car; it's exciting, sure, but it might take some time to get the hang of it, and not everyone's going to love the change.

Will EIP-1559 be the Reason for Ethereum’s growth?

So, is EIP-1559 the magic bean that's going to make Ethereum grow like Jack's beanstalk? Well, it's got the potential to be a big booster, but it's not the whole story.

Think of EIP-1559 as a shiny new upgrade to your favorite game. It makes things more exciting and user-friendly, which could attract more players. In Ethereum's case, EIP-1559 makes the network more predictable and efficient with its new fee structure. This could draw in more users and developers, especially those who were put off by the wild swings in gas fees before. More users and cool projects? That's like fertile soil for Ethereum's growth.

Another growth factor is the burning of the base fee. This could reduce the total supply of Ether over time, creating a kind of scarcity that might make Ether more valuable. It's like if your favorite comic book series suddenly becomes a limited edition – the existing copies might just become more sought after.

However, it's important to remember that Ethereum's growth depends on a bunch of factors, not just EIP-1559. Other upgrades, market trends, and the broader crypto ecosystem all play a part. But yeah, EIP-1559 could be one of the key pieces of the puzzle, giving Ethereum that extra edge in the competitive world of blockchain. It's not a guaranteed growth potion, but it's a step in the right direction!

Common Misconceptions About EIP-1559

When we talk about this big Ethereum update, there are a few myths floating around, almost like tall tales in the world of crypto.

One major misconception is about gas fees getting slashed. The truth? This update does make fees more predictable, but it's not a silver bullet for cheap gas. When things get hectic, like during major NFT drops, fees can still skyrocket. The focus here is on consistency rather than cutting costs.

Another myth is the belief that this change speeds up Ethereum transactions. The update doesn't directly impact transaction speed. It's all about refining the way fees are calculated, not about how fast the blocks get mined or transactions go through.

There's also talk about it instantly making Ether deflationary because of the base fee burn. But in reality, this is more of a gradual process. It's like planting a seed and waiting for the tree to grow – it takes time to see the impact.

So, while this Ethereum update is certainly impactful, it's key to understand what it does. It's about making the journey on the Ethereum blockchain smoother, not about a complete overhaul.

What is the Miners’ perspective on EIP-1559?

From the miners' perspective, EIP-1559 was kind of like a bittersweet update. Before this proposal, miners made good money from transaction fees, especially during those crazy busy times on the Ethereum network. But EIP-1559 brought in the base fee that gets burned instead of going into miners' wallets. So, while it's great for the Ethereum ecosystem, making things more predictable and potentially boosting Ether's value, miners saw it as a hit to their income.

However, it's not all doom and gloom. Miners still get the 'tips' from users who want to fast-track their transactions. But let's be real, tips aren't always as hefty as those old-school transaction fees.

So yeah, while EIP-1559 is a step forward for Ethereum users, miners had to adjust to this new normal where their slice of the pie got a bit smaller. It's a bit of a trade-off, balancing the broader benefits for Ethereum with the direct impact on miners' earnings.


Wrapping up, EIP-1559 is like a fresh coat of paint on Ethereum's transaction fee system, making it more user-friendly and predictable. Sure, it's not a magic fix for high gas fees, but it's a big step towards a more stable and efficient Ethereum. With its dynamic base fee, it's easier to gauge your transaction costs, and the option to tip for quicker processing is a nice touch. The burning of the base fee adds an interesting twist, potentially making Ether more valuable in the long run. For miners, it's a mixed bag – less income from fees but still a crucial part of the network. All in all, EIP-1559 shows how Ethereum is evolving, focusing on user experience and long-term sustainability. It's a balancing act, and EIP-1559 does a pretty neat job of striking that balance. A game-changer in the Ethereum saga!


  • Are there any potential risks for dapps on Ethereum?
    Yep! Main risks for dApps on Ethereum include smart contract bugs (leading to security issues or loss of funds), network congestion causing slow performance and high fees, and needing updates due to Ethereum protocol changes, like the move to Ethereum 2.0.
  • How does EIP-1559 work?
    EIP-1559 introduces a base fee for Ethereum transactions, which changes based on network demand – higher when busy, lower when not. Users can add a tip to prioritize their transactions. The cool part? The base fee gets burned, potentially reducing Ether's supply over time.
  • What problems does EIP-1559 solve?
    EIP-1559 tackles unpredictable Ethereum gas fees by introducing a fluctuating base fee for more predictable costs. It also reduces Ether supply through fee burning, potentially increasing its value, and improves the user experience with a more systematic fee structure.
  • How does EIP-1559 solve the problem of excessive gas fees?
    EIP-1559 helps manage excessive gas fees by introducing a base fee that adjusts with network activity – it increases during high demand and decreases when it's quieter. This makes fees more predictable and prevents users from overpaying during peak times. However, it doesn't necessarily lower the fees, just stabilizes them.

  • How does EIP-1559 affect compensation for miners?
    EIP-1559 reduces miners' fee income by burning the base fee instead of paying it to them. They still earn the block reward and can receive tips for prioritizing transactions, but their overall compensation might be lower than before the EIP-1559 update.
  • How will EIP-1559 impact fees?
    EIP-1559 makes Ethereum fees more predictable with its adjustable base fee. It doesn't necessarily lower fees but helps avoid sudden spikes by smoothing out the costs based on network demand. Users can still pay extra tips for faster processing.
  • Will this make ETH deflationary as an asset?
    EIP-1559 has the potential to make ETH deflationary by burning part of the transaction fees. If the amount of burned ETH exceeds the rate of new ETH being created, it could reduce the overall supply, potentially making ETH a deflationary asset over time.


Zainab Saberi

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